International conflicts and instabilities in Middle East, Central Asia and Northern African countries have involved a high human cost in terms of refugee crises and the displacement of people both in these areas and beyond. These situations, combined with the hardening of border policies of States worldwide and in Europe, in particular, have left no other options to persons than embarking on perilous journeys across the vast Mediterranean region by both land and sea. This policy report aims to contribute evidence-based findings to suggest to governments more constructive ways of dealing with these migratory crises. In actual fact, some of the challenges that States perceive when identifying the strategies to manage the situation seem to be based on obsoleted ideas concerning our societies. These could indeed be much more inclusive towards newcomers than what political and legal frameworks have actually allowed until now.